Inborn heart defects are a malformation in one or more structures in the heart or blood vessels that occurs before a child is born, within the development of the fetus. This developmental defect can affect somewhere around 8 out of every 1000 children and stems from a variety of factors. While some expectant mothers will fault their own actions when the following occurs, fearing the worst for their children, modern technology brings us to a point where traditional treatments using medications and pediatric cardiac surgery are able to correct most coronary heart defects.
Pediatric Heart Surgery – The Underlying Cause of Genetic Heart Defects
In the majority of patients, the cause for their inborn heart defect is not directly or readily known. Thru research however , pediatric specialists have discovered a number of factors which can contribute to or are associated with an increased chance of a child developing a genetic heart defect. This includes:
* Genetic abnormalities or malocclusions in the chromosomes (e. g. – Down syndrome)
5. Alcohol or recreational drug use/abuse during pregnancy
* Acquiring certain prescription medications during pregnancy
* Viral infections during the primary trimester of pregnancy, such as rubella
In cases where there is a ancestors of heart defects, a child has double the chance (16 in 1000) of being born with a defect that may necessitate corrective pediatric cardiac surgery or some other form of procedure.
Defining Congenital Heart Defects
There are several defects that are seen and treated early on in infancy.
Heart Valve Issues – Any one or more of the valves in the heart may perhaps malfunction through narrowing or stenosis. Also, complete resolution, settlement of a valve that impeded/prevents blood flow can occur. Other cardiovascular system defects include leaky valves that don’t close. The following reduces the pressure, forces the heart to work harder plus allows blood to leak backwards as the chambers on the heart compress. Get motr info about Casula Roberto
Patent Ductus Arteriosus – This deficiency allows blood to bypass the lungs as it arises, forcing unoxygenated blood back through the body. This starves the body of oxygen and as a result the heart must work harder that will oxygenate the tissues of the body.